The structure of New Jersey’s court system is among the simplest in the nation. There are only a few basic types of courts in the state. Municipal courts, Tax Court, state Superior Court, which includes the trial courts, an Appellate Division and the New Jersey Supreme Court. Although the overall structure of the New Jersey court system is simple in nature there are several key differences which make New Jersey unique when performing a court record search.
New Jersey Superior Courts
New Jersey is divided into 21 counties each with their own superior court. These courts are responsible for more serious offenses, commonly known throughout the country as felonies. In New Jersey, however, in New Jersey these offenses are not known as felonies. Instead they are called “Indictable Offenses.” Like most states all Indictable Offense records are centralized at the county courthouse. Our standard criminal search utilizes the Promis/Gavel database which is accessible at the New Jersey Superior Court and is compiled by the clerks of the Superior Courts throughout New Jersey. Through this database we are able to provide indictable offense records, remanded cases, and any other cases that originate in superior court.
New Jersey Municipal Courts
The Municipal Courts in New Jersey are considered courts of limited jurisdiction, having responsibility for motor vehicle and parking tickets, minor criminal-type offenses (for example, simple assault and bad checks), municipal ordinance offenses (such as dog barking or building code violations) and other offenses, such as fish and game violations. A Municipal Court usually has jurisdiction only over cases that occur within the boundaries of its municipality
Unlike most states, Misdemeanor records, or “Non-Indictable Offenses,” are isolated in each municipal court.These municipal courts are scattered throughout the entire state of New Jersey making misdemeanor records extremely difficult to access. Although these records are publicly accessible there is no way for the public to search for misdemeanor records in the state of New Jersey. IQResearch is able to provide information on cases that originated in superior court but were downgraded/remanded to municipal court. We are also sometimes able to provide dispositions of municipal court cases in more recent cases. When provided with a case number we can attempt to retrieve municipal court records, but we are entirely dependent on the cooperation of the Municipal Court clerks. Municipal court clerks have also been known to black out information on case copies in order to prevent the misuse of information, making the copies ultimately useless. Although it is extremely difficult for ANY New Jersey record researcher to provide municipal court records, IQResearch guarantees that we will make every effort to get you the information you require.
For more information on the 21 county courts that make up the New Jersey Court System click here
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